High-Flying, Inspired!

Error of Judgment


Henry Denker

"Error of Judgment" by Henry Denker

“Error of Judgment” by Henry Denker

"Error of Judgment" by Henry Denker

“Error of Judgment” by Henry Denker

 

Henry Denker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Henry Denker (November 25, 1912 – May 15, 2012) was an American novelist and playwright.

 

Denker was admitted to the New York Bar in 1935, at the height of the Depression, and he soon left law practice to earn his living by writing. His legal training was reflected in many of his works. During Denker’s brief legal career, he won a Workmen’s Compensation case which,

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Standing Alone"

“Standing Alone”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

according to Denker, for the first time established that a physical trauma can induce a mental disease. In another case, Denker served a summons on heavyweight champion Jack Johnson.

 

Denker was married for 61 years to Edith Heckman, whom he met when he was a patient and she was a nurse in Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York City.

 

Denker was the originator and writer of what he describes as the “first television series ever produced,” False Witness, on NBC-TV in 1939. Despite its success, the series was discontinued when the nascent medium of television was converted into an instruction tool for the mass training of Air Raid Wardens in anticipation of the U.S. entry into World War II.

 

Denker started writing for radio with three productions on CBS Radio’s Columbia Workshop: “Me? I Drive a Hack,” starring Richard Widmark, “Emile, the Seal,” a fantasy, and “Laughter for the Leader,” a political drama in which CBS, without explanation, forbade the character of Hitler to be played with a German accent. During the War World II, Denker worked as a writer on the English Desk of the Office of War Information.

 

In 1945, Denker began his full-time writing career as the writer of the Radio Readers Digest on CBS. One of his scripts, he says, was the first radio drama about a physical transplant, a corneal transplant of a human eye to restore sight.

 

In 1947, Denker wrote the first script for the religious radio series The Greatest Story Ever Told, which, in its first year, won the Peabody Award, the Christopher Award, the CCNY Outstanding Program of the Year Award, the Variety Award of the Year 1947, and others. Denker was to write every script in the series, which ran from 1947 to 1957.

 

Later, on television, Denker wrote, and David Susskind produced, the first dramatic treatment of a heart transplant, “The Choice,” which anticipated the challenge of so many patients in need and so few hearts to give. With a cast including Melvyn Douglas, George Grizzard and Frank Langella, the TV drama included film of an actual surgery provided by Dr. Michael E. DeBakey. Denker recalls that CBS allowed only 30 seconds of the surgical film for fear that the audience would shrink from seeing a beating heart in an open chest cavity.

 

While writing for radio and television, Denker branched out into the theater, which he describes as “my first love.” Later he began writing novels. Of his 34 published novels, 17—more than any other author’s—have been selected and published by Reader’s Digest Condensed Books.

 

Six plays by Denker have been produced on Broadway, two in the Kenne

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

"Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone."

“Learn to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means standing alone.”

Pride - one of the seven deadly sins.

Pride – one of the seven deadly sins.

Pride - one of the seven deadly sins.

Pride – one of the seven deadly sins.

Pride - one of the seven deadly sins.

Pride – one of the seven deadly sins.

False Pride always has a fall.

False Pride always has a fall.

dy Center in Washington, D.C., and two in other venues.

Denker died of lung cancer on May 15, 2012.

 

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“Error of Judgment” is probably one of the finest medical-suspense, fictional novels penned by Henry Denker. While the entire novel is ensconced in a medical background, it

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth 5

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

The Truth shall always triumph in the end!

is a very apt description of true love on the one hand and human frailties on the other – it captures the very essence of avarice, greed, selfishness, manipulation and vindictiveness that form part and parcel of human nature. It is a story of intrigue and how Truth shall always triumph despite many odds to the contrary; it is equally a story of how false pride and arrogance shall inevitably have their fall.

 

 

Dr. Harvey Price, M.D. was one of the top-notch, senior attending surgeons of State University Hospital, in its Obstetric-Gynecology (Ob-Gyn) department, since the last eleven years. He had had an excellent reputation in the Northeast, having been affiliated with a most prestigious hospital there. His reason for leaving had hardly been unique in itself – he had grown weary of the hassle of life in the large old city. Instead, he preferred a newer community where he and his wife, Margaret – of long standing – could live graciously in the pleasant suburbs, only ten minutes away from the hospital. Dr. Harvey Prince was tall, handsome, with a commanding presence and was a veritable genius with a scalpel. He prided himself on being a highly influential personality – one who held a position of power and prestige in the hospital.

 

 

Dr. Prince tended to pretend great affability and pleasantness, towards his patients, to hide his basic aloofness. He rarely – if ever – took the time to listen to his patients’ worries or complaints. Dr. Prince tended to leave such ‘menial jobs’ to his underlings. His patients became more and more suspicious when he laughed too much or when he tended to smile too much – they invariably felt he was hiding some vital detail from them and most of the time, the patient was sadly right.

 

 

It came as no great surprise, when the resident doctors of the hospital nicknamed him, “Goldfingers” – his skill and economy of time, whilst in surgery, were legendary and all that he seemed to touch turned to gold. He commanded a six-figure tax shelter himself. He was known to give long, drawn-out speeches to the attending resident doctors on how they should think of building up a substantial income for themselves by investing in blue- chip companies and energy stocks – he continually advised residents on how they ought to concentrate on piling up equity, till the day that they retired from private practice. He seemed to be obsessed with money and kept thinking of ways and means by which an already rich man could get richer.

 

 

On the downside, he was known to perform a lot more hysterectomies than most of his other colleagues in the Ob-Gyn department of the hospital – he was known to make swift – and often impulsive – decisions in the operating theatre, without any true concern for the well-being of his patients. It soon became obvious to many other attending doctors that a lot of his operational procedures were unnecessary and that they were more a result of his self-serving ways and callousness. Since Dr. Prince was notorious for his vengeful ways and vindictive personality, most of his colleagues and junior attendings remained willfully silent in the face of gross injustice to his patients. Meanwhile, Dr. Prince continued heartlessly on this self-same “operating rampage,” as long as the dollars kept flowing in.

 

 

It is true that Dr. Prince was one of the finest and most skillful technicians in the operating room – his incisions were akin to cosmetic gems and his sutures were like works of art. However, he had a tendency to get carried away with his own skill. He worshipped technique to the exclusion of his patients’ total welfare. The surgery became more important than the patient herself. He seemed to court difficult, even dangerous surgery, to prove that he could accomplish it. He reveled in the praise, admiration and even in the envy of his colleagues. He was in love with his own ability. He became like an actor – a star – who needed fame, praise and applause all the time. He entered the operating room thinking that he was about to give a great show. He did give a great show – most of the time and overdid, in the bargain too. Perfectly healthy uteruses were removed; ovaries that other surgeons would have hesitated to remove, he removed without a qualm or second thought. The statistics seemed to fade away in the face of the ruthless, if elegant, butchery practiced on the patient.

 

 

Rita Hallen had sharp, neat features which were accented by the severe headdress that she was required to wear in the operating room, where she presided as chief scrub nurse. She was dark-haired and tall and when she was not attired in her required hospital garb, she was apt to be pleasing and attractive. She had turned forty recently and impressed strangers as being in her mid-thirties. A tyrant in the O.R., Rita had proved to be most inept in her private life. She had met Dr. Prince when she was twenty-nine and he was forty-four. Rita was the essence of professionalism – she avoided cultivating friendships and sought no personal attachments in the hospital or outside. Soon, she found herself falling prey to the wily charms and seduction of Dr. Prince. They started having a torrid, if unfulfilling, sexual affair. There were times when Rita could barely hide her pent-up resentment against the handsome man who seemed bent on “using” her to satisfy his own self-serving ways. There were days when Dr. Prince spoke avidly of the day when he would be free of his wife, Margaret – he spoke of the day when he would be free to marry Rita. He always talked that way but over the years his reasons had subtly changed. Whereas earlier, possible damage to his professional reputation stood in the way, in more recent times his problem had become how to divorce Margaret without giving her legal grounds to take most of his substantial holdings. Since Dr. Prince had proved time and again, as being an unscrupulous liar and vengeful manipulator, Rita found herself growing to hate the man to whom she had unstintingly given so many years of her life – at the crux of this story, she was already on the threshold of menopause herself. At this stage in her life, she needed love, concern and consideration – yet, Prince, being the self-centered man that he was, had little or no understanding or consideration to offer her. Instead, he resented her moody silences and mood swings. Since, she knew Prince to be a potent adversary, she dared not speak out in her own defense and bore her lot in quiet – if intolerant – silence.

 

 

Dr. Craig Pearson, M.D. was a dedicated and talented second-year resident doctor at State University Hospital. Pearson was well-liked by all his colleagues and especially by the Head of the Ob-Gyn department of the hospital, for his fair-minded and honest ways. He was a man of conscience and held values and morality in high stead. One of the reasons why Dr. Pearson would make a fine doctor and surgeon was the fact that he was a caring and understanding man who took the time to listen to his patients’ woes and took the time to reassure them. He equally tended to be a stubborn, self-willed, obstinate and principled young man and was willing to put his own career on the line when he found that a certain patient had been gravely wronged by Prince’s rashness and callousness in the operating theater.

 

 

Dr. Katherine (Kate) Lindstrom, M.D. was a practicing consultant psychiatrist at the State University Hospital. She was a disarmingly small blonde young woman of twenty-nine years. Standing at a little over five feet tall, with a slender and quite feminine body, she was destined to be taken for a college junior for the next five years of her life. Actually, she had graduated from a Midwestern university “cum laude;” had been accepted by its medical school and had broken off her relationship with a law student to concentrate on her own career. Actually, Dr. Lindstrom was driven by a strong sense of morality, integrity and justice herself – it was her boldness, her fair-mindedness and honesty that endeared her to Dr. Craig Pearson. Their relationship had crossed the boundaries of friendship a long time ago and they had become lovers, over time. She remained a true and sincere friend to Dr. Pearson, till the bitter end, even in his most troubled and angry moments.

 

 

Cynthia Horton was the young, troubled patient from Room 442 of State University Hospital. She was barely twenty-two years old and on the threshold of marriage, within a matter of one month, from the date of her admission to the hospital. She was admitted for an exploratory laparotomy – surgery performed through the abdomen for the purpose of doing a biopsy on her right ovary. She had signed an informed consent form to this effect, on the intervention of Dr. Lindstrom who was treating Cynthia for certain psychiatric issues that she was facing.

 

 

When Dr. Prince performed the procedure on Cynthia, it was soon discovered that the right ovary presented itself with a tumour exhibiting borderline carcinoma/malignancy. Dr. Prince wasted no time in performing a bilateral salpingoophorectomy, as he thought was clearly indicated in such a case. In simple language, Dr. Prince performed an unnecessary hysterectomy on a young woman; he removed both of her ovaries and removed her uterus, in the name of saving her life. It was true that there was no malignancy involvement of her left ovary, uterus, nodes, liver, diaphragm, omentum and other organs. Dr. Craig Pearson objected in the strongest terms, against such a drastic action – a matter that was not taken to at all kindly by Dr. Prince. Dr. Pearson was of the opinion that since the patient presented carcinoma in her right ovary of low malignant potential, that the patient be closed up to await the definitive pathology report, due in five days time. He was most definitely strongly opposed to the bilateral procedure – as advocated by Dr. Prince – when a more conservative procedure could have worked just as well. As Dr. Pearson argued, it was not as if the patient’s life was in danger; the cancer was “in situ” and could be treated adequately without as much haste and impatience – such as that exhibited by Dr. Prince.

 

 

As a result of Dr. Prince’s erroneous lapse of judgment, Cynthia started exhibiting a host of serious complications – in a medical case, such as hers, that could have turned out to be relatively simple. She developed thrombophlebitis and was in danger of developing a pulmonary embolism (a fatal condition where a blood clot travels up to the lungs and heart and causes a painful death). As a result of this complication, the doctors were unable to prescribe the artificial estrogen hormone that would aid in preventing a full-blown, premature menopause. Cynthia became severely depressed, cried incessantly, became exceedingly nervous, got unpleasant hot flushes and started exhibiting all the symptoms of menopause, such as those seen in middle-aged women. One evening, Dr. Craig Pearson was paged urgently to prevent her from committing suicide. Dr. Pearson was overcome with rage and helplessness and he started making the strongest recommendations that Cynthia’s medical case be presented during the Pathology Conference; at the Morbidity and Mortality Conference and at Grand Rounds. For all his efforts, to gain maximum awareness and some sense of justice for Cynthia and her family, obstacles of all kinds were constantly thrown in his path by the hospital management, administrators and by Dr. Prince in particular.

 

 

Dr. Prince went on to exhibit his vengeful and manipulative best and Dr. Pearson faced humiliation and angry recriminations, every step of the way. Finally, the hospital convened an official hearing to address the eventual dismissal of Dr. Pearson from the hospital for his alleged insubordination, arrogance and breach of conduct amounting to basically unethical behavior. Dr. Pearson stood not a chance of winning, in the hearing – he was, after all, only a young doctor, on the threshold of his career, up against some of the most influential members of the Medical Board. After a host of witnesses were presented and lengthy arguments from both parties were heard, the panel of judges declared that Dr. Pearson be immediately dismissed from service.

 

 

In the meanwhile, Dr. Lindstrom was playing sleuth to an anonymous note that she had received: the writer requested that she probe into Dr. Prince’s previous employment, especially his conduct with other young, resident doctors. In the course of her investigation, Dr. Lindstrom found another young doctor – Dr. Stiehl – whose career had been destroyed by Dr. Prince’s arrogance and vindictiveness. Dr. Stiehl – like Dr. Pearson – had been accused of insubordination, arrogance and unethical conduct – just because he had dared to speak out in favour of the truth. Dr. Lindstrom brought in sufficient pressure on the Medical Board to reconvene and re-open the hearing, for another four hours so that she could present her witness to them. When the panel of judges heard damning testimony from this new witness, they were forced to reinstate Dr. Pearson and all his privileges at the State University Hospital.

 

 

Dr. Prince was dismissed from years of service and was forced to leave the hospital in a cloud of disgrace. It was much later that Dr. Pearson realized that the anonymous letter writer must be Rita Hallen – chief scrub nurse and Dr. Prince’s long-time, neglected mistress.

 

 

Rita must have undoubtedly realized the hidden reason for the sincere thanks that Dr. Pearson offered her soon after in the O.R.

 

 

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There will come many times in your life when you need to stand up for what you strongly believe to be right and true. Don’t be afraid to stand up for what you strongly believe in, even if it means that you are the only one left standing. After all, what is the sense of being driven by the strength of one’s beliefs and one’s convictions, if one either cannot – or will not – stand up to protect them?

  

May it also teach you to know that False Pride and Arrogance inevitably have their fall.

 

Despite many odds to the contrary, Truth shall always Triumph.

 

An unfortunate patient is forced to pay the price of a rash and erroneous lapse of judgment - till one doctor decides to risk his entire career for the sake of furthering his own sense of justice and fair-play.

An unfortunate patient is forced to pay the price of a rash and erroneous lapse of judgment – till one doctor decides to risk his entire career for the sake of furthering his own sense of justice and fair-play.

That is the Law of Nature and it shall forever be so!

 

The Carnival is Over


"The Carnival is Over" by The Seekers

“The Carnival is Over” by The Seekers

The Seekers

The Seekers

The-Seekers - Golden Jubilee Tour - Australia 2013.

The-Seekers – Golden Jubilee Tour – Australia 2013.

A Traveling Carnival

A Traveling Carnival

A Traveling Carnival

A Traveling Carnival

 

 

“The Carnival Is Over” – The Seekers

 

Say goodbye my own true lover
As we sing a lovers song
How it breaks my heart to leave you
Now the carnival is gone

 

High above the dawn is waiting
And my tears are falling rain
For the carnival is over
We may never meet again

 

Like a drum, my heart was beating
And your kiss was sweet as wine
But the joys of love are fleeting
For Pierrot and Columbine

 

Now the harbour light is calling
This will be our last goodbye
Though the carnival is over
I will love you till I die

 

Like a drum, my heart was beating
And your kiss was sweet as wine
But the joys of love are fleeting
For Pierrot and Columbine

 

Now the harbour light is calling
This will be our last goodbye
Though the carnival is over
I will love you till I die
Though the carnival is over
I will love you till I die

 

A Portable Ferris Wheel (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

A Portable Ferris Wheel (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

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The Carnival Is Over

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Tilt-A-Whirl - famous at a traveling carnival (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

Tilt-A-Whirl – famous at a traveling carnival
(Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

The Pantomime in 1890

The Pantomime in 1890

Illustration of the Harlequinade in The Forty Thieves (1878), showing Swell, Pantaloon, Harlequin, Columbine (above), Clown and Policeman.

Illustration of the Harlequinade in The Forty Thieves (1878), showing Swell, Pantaloon, Harlequin, Columbine (above), Clown and Policeman. (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

John Rich as Harlequin with batte, c. 1720. (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

John Rich as Harlequin with batte, c. 1720.
(Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

The Payne Brothers as Clown and Harlequin, c. 1875. (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

The Payne Brothers as Clown and Harlequin, c. 1875.
(Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

Grimaldi as Clown, c. 1810. (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

Grimaldi as Clown, c. 1810.
(Photo Credit: Wikipedia)

Pierrot and Columbine - Pier Theatre.

Pierrot and Columbine – Pier Theatre.

 

The Carnival Is Over” is a Russian folk song (1883) with lyrics written by Tom Springfield in 1965 for the Australian group The Seekers, who customarily close their concerts with it. At its peak, the song was selling 93,000 copies per day and is No 30 in the chart of the biggest selling singles of all time in the United Kingdom, and has sold 1.41 million copies in the UK alone. The track spent three weeks at No. 1 in the UK Singles Chart in November and December 1965.

 

The music

 

The main tune is taken from a Russian folk song about Stenka Razin known as “Iz-za ostrova na strezhen” or “Volga, Volga mat’ rodnaya”. The song became popular in Russia as early as 1890s. It was performed by the Osipov State Russian Folk Orchestra (balalaikas and

Pierrot and Columbine

Pierrot and Columbine

All good things must come to an end.

All good things must come to an end.

Calvin & Hobbes quote.

Calvin & Hobbes quote.

"Someday we'll forget the hurt and the pain..........So, smile, laugh, forgive, believe and love all over again."

“Someday we’ll forget the hurt and the pain……….So, smile, laugh, forgive, believe and love all over again.”

Things are not meant to last forever.....enjoy and appreciate them while they last.

Things are not meant to last forever…..enjoy and appreciate them while they last.

One cannot make a brand-new beginning without making a brand-new ending first.

One cannot make a brand-new beginning without making a brand-new ending first.

domras) during their 1967 tour of Australia. The tune is also used in a Dutch hymn “Vol Verwachting Blijf Ik Uitzien”, and a Dutch nursery rhyme “Aan de Oever van de Rotte”.

 

 

Tom Springfield adapted the melody from the Russian folk song, and also wrote the remaining music used in the song, as well as writing the lyrics, after a trip to Brazil, where he witnessed the Carnaval in Rio.

Use in popular culture

 

The playing of “The Carnival Is Over”, sung by The Seekers, has been sometimes used at the close of special events in Australia. It was performed at the Expo ’88 closing ceremony, with Julie Anthony taking the place of Judith Durham, along with the other members of The Seekers, Athol GuyKeith Potger and Bruce Woodley.

 

The Seekers were supposed to have performed the song at the end of the closing ceremony for the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney but the performance was cancelled after Judith Durham broke her hip. The Seekers did, however, sing the song at the conclusion of the 2000 Summer Paralympics, with Judith Durham seated in a wheelchair.

 

Make a brand-new ending before going on to make a brand-new befinning.

Make a brand-new ending before going on to make a brand-new beginning.

The tradition of the song being sung at conclusion of special celebrations in Australia is so well entrenched that the cast of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation comedy series The Games, which was about the forthcoming Sydney 2000 Olympics, imitated the group singing “The Carnival Is Over” at the closing ceremony of their fictitious version of the Sydney Olympic Games.

 

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The Seekers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

The Seekers are an Australian folk-influenced pop quartet, originally formed in Melbourne in 1962. They were the first Australian pop music group to achieve major chart and sales success in the United Kingdom and the United States. They were popular during the 1960s with their best-known configuration as: Judith Durham on vocals, piano and tambourineAthol Guy on double bass and vocals;Keith Potger on twelve-string guitarbanjo and vocals; and Bruce Woodley on guitar, mandolin, banjo and vocals.

 

The group had Top 10 hits in the 1960s with “I’ll Never Find Another You“, “A World of Our Own“, “Morningtown Ride“, “Someday, One Day” (written by Paul Simon), “Georgy Girl” (the title song of the film of the same name), and “The Carnival is Over” by Tom Springfield, the last a rendition of a Russian folk song. The Seekers have sung it at various closing ceremonies in Australia, including World Expo 88 and the Paralympics. It is still one of the top 50 best-selling singles in the UK. Australian music historian Ian McFarlane described their style as “concentrated on a bright, up-tempo sound, although they were too pop to be considered strictly folk and too folk to be rock.”

 

In 1968, they were named as joint “Australians of the Year” – the only group thus honoured. In July of that year, Durham left to pursue a solo career and the group disbanded. The band has reformed periodically, and in 1995 they were inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame. “I’ll Never Find Another You” was added to the National Film and Sound Archive of Australia’s Sounds of Australia registry in 2011. Woodley’s and Dobe Newton’s song “I Am Australian“, which was recorded by the Seekers, and by Durham with Russell Hitchcock and Mandawuy Yunupingu, has become an unofficial Australian anthem. With “I’ll Never Find Another You” and “Georgy Girl”, the band also achieved success in the United States, but not nearly at the same level as in the rest of the world. As of 2004, the Seekers have sold over fifty million records worldwide.

 

The Seekers were individually honoured, in the Queen’s Birthday Honours, as Officers of the Order of Australia recipients, in June, 2014.

 

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Harlequinade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Harlequinade is a British comic theatrical genre, defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “that part of a pantomime in which the harlequin and clown play the principal parts”. It developed in England between the 17th and mid-19th centuries. It was originally a slapstick adaptation or variant of the Commedia dell’arte, which originated in Italy and reached its apogee there in the 16th and 17th centuries. The story of the Harlequinade revolves around a comic incident in the lives of its five main characters: Harlequin, who loves Columbine; Columbine’s greedy father Pantaloon, who tries to separate the lovers in league with the mischievous Clown; and the servant, Pierrot, usually involving chaotic chase scenes with a policeman.

 

Originally a mime (silent) act with music and stylized dance, the harlequinade later employed some dialogue, but it remained primarily a visual spectacle. Early in its development, it achieved great popularity as the comic closing part of a longer evening of entertainment, following a more serious presentation with operatic and balletic elements. An often elaborate magical “transformation scene”, presided over by a fairy, connected the unrelated stories, changing the first part of the pantomime, and its characters, into the harlequinade. In the late 18th and 19th centuries, the harlequinade became the larger part of the entertainment, and the transformation scene was presented with increasingly spectacular stage effects. The harlequinade lost popularity towards the end of the 19th century and disappeared altogether in the 1930s, although Christmas pantomimes continue to be presented in Britain without the harlequinade.

 

Characters

 

The harlequinade characters consisted of the following five kinds of clowns, in addition to more minor characters like a policeman:

Harlequin

 

Harlequin is the comedian and romantic male lead. He is a servant and the love interest of Columbine. His everlasting high spirits and cleverness work to save him from several difficult situations into which his amoral behaviour leads during the course of the harlequinade. In some versions of the original Commedia dell’arte, Harlequin is able to perform magic feats. He never holds a grudge or seeks revenge.

 

John Rich brought the British pantomime and harlequinade to great popularity in the early 18th century and became the most famous early Harlequin in England.[5] He developed the character of Harlequin into a mischievous magician. He used his magic batte or “slapstick” to transform the scene from the pantomime into the harlequinade and to magically change the settings to various locations during the chase scene.[3][5]

 

A century later, Fred Payne and Harry Payne, known as the Payne Brothers, were the most famous Harlequin and Clown, respectively, of their day.

 

Columbine

 

Columbine is a lovely woman, who has caught the eye of Harlequin. In the original Commedia dell’arte she was variously portrayed as a Pantaloon’s daughter or servant. In the English harlequinade she is always Pantaloon’s daughter or ward. Her role usually centres on her romantic interest in Harlequin, and her costume often includes the cap and apron of a serving girl, though (unlike the other players) not a mask.

Clown

 

Originally a foil for Harlequin’s slyness and adroit nature, Clown was a buffoon or fool who resembles less a jester than a comical idiot. However, in the 19th century harlequinade, Clown became more important, embodying its anarchic fun. The great clown Joseph Grimaldi was responsible for building the character up from the country bumpkin fool of the Commedia dell’arte into the central figure of the harlequinade. He developed jokes, catch-phrases and songs that were used by subsequent Clowns for decades after his retirement in 1828, and Clowns were generically called “Joey” for four generations after him.[

 

Clown became central to the transformation scene, crying “Here we are again!” and so opening the harlequinade. He then became the villain of the piece, playing elaborate, cartoonish practical jokes on policemen, soldiers, tradesmen and passers-by, tripping people with butter slides and crushing babies, with the assistance of his elderly accomplice, Pantaloon. The American George Fox, popularly known as G. L. Fox, became interested in pantomime and made Clown a popular character in the Humpty Dumpty story, with which he toured North America during the middle 19th century.

Pantaloon

 

Originally, Pantaloon (or Pantalone) was a devious, greedy merchant of Venice – a typical character of the Commedia dell’arte. He is taken in readily by the various tricks and schemes of Harlequin. Pantaloon’s costume usually includes red tight-fitting vest and breeches, slippers, a skullcap, an over-sized hooked nose, and a grubby grey goatee. Pantaloon was familiar enough to London audiences for Shakespeare to refer to him at the turn of the 17th century as the exemplar of an elderly man, “the lean and slippered Pantaloon”.

 

In the English harlequinade, Pantaloon emerged as the greedy, elderly father of Columbine who tries to keep the lovers separated and assists Clown in his tricks.

Pierrot

 

Pierrot, or ‘Pedroline’ was a comic servant character, often Pantaloon’s servant. His face was whitened with flour. During the 17th century, the character was increasingly portrayed as stupid and awkward, a country bumpkin with oversized clothes. During the 19th century, the Pierrot character became less comic, and more sentimental and romantic. Also in the 19th century, Pierrot troupes arose, with all the performers in whiteface and baggy white costumes.

Harlequinade costume

 

The costumes consisted of the following:

  • Originally, a black mask, which allowed the actor to lift it and reveal himself sometimes. Other times it is lowered to keep the actor from the audience’s view. It has tiny eyeholes and quizzically arched eyebrows. Later, some characters wore whiteface, and the British pantomime characters originally wore masks that they then removed for the transformation to the harlequinade.
  • Traditional diamond chequered trousers (usually alternating blue, green, and red diamonds)
  • Peasant’s shirt
  • Batte, or slapstick (carried by Harlequin)

Adaptations

 

Although the original Commedia dell’arte characters inspired many stage works, novels and short stories, there are few works that draw on the characters of the English genre. They include Harlequin and the Fairy’s Dilemma (1904), by W. S. Gilbert.

 

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Traveling carnival

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

traveling carnival (US English), usually simply called a carnival, is an amusement show that may be made up of amusement rides, food vendors, merchandise vendors, games of chance and skill, thrill acts, animal acts. A traveling carnival is not set up at a permanent location, like an amusement park, but is moved from place to place. Its roots are similar to the 19th century circus with both being set up in open fields near or in town and moving to a new location after a period of time. Unlike traditional carnival celebrations, the North American traveling carnival is not usually tied to a religious observance.

 

In 1893 the Chicago’s World’s Columbian Exposition (also called the Chicago World’s Fair) was the catalyst for the development of the traveling carnival. The Chicago World’s Fair had an area that included rides, games of chance, freak shows and burlesque. After the Chicago World’s Fair, traveling carnival companies began touring the United States. Due to the type of acts featured along with sometimes using dishonest business practices, the traveling carnivals were often looked down upon.

 

Modern traveling carnivals play both state and county fairs along with smaller venues such as church bazaars, volunteer fire department fund raisers and civic celebrations. Traditionally, on the evening of the last day of the events, the sponsoring organization will often pay for a fireworks display that signals the end of the day’s festivities.

 

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The reason that makes “The Seekers” such a popular folk – pop music band is their soulful and meaningful lyrics; the lead singer belts out these beautiful lyrics in a mellow – yet slightly high-pitched, articulate voice, giving these words a new wealth of meaning.

 

“The Carnival is over” is a typical example of a lover’s lament. In the literal sense, it is likely that the protagonist of the song met her lover who was working within the confines of a Traveling Carnival or Traveling Circus– now that the “fun and games” of this traveling fun-fair are finished, the carnival makes preparations to pack up and be on their way to yet another town or city where they will perform, leaving footprints in the sand, before pushing off to still another destination, some distance away from the last one. The hallmark of a Traveling Carnival is that it plants no permanent roots; their job is to keep moving from place to place, after each performance ends.

 

In another context, the “carnival” makes reference to anything that was very good while it lasted; now that it has ended, one is forced to make new beginnings. However, such is the Law of Nature – all things must end before a brand-new start can be made. To make a brand-new beginning, one must initially be prepared to make a brand-new ending. Most people resist making an ending of any sort – it is the innate fear of the unknown that causes this immediate resistance. One cannot predict what changes these new beginnings and what the Future itself will bring in its wake. This causes intense insecurity, anxiety and trepidation in itself – yet new beginnings can never be forged unless old and redundant doors are closed. It is only then that brand-new doors can be opened to a new and wondrous future.

 

Our lives are like a thick log-book, full of blank pages – as each day passes by, the pages are filled with the stories of the various events from our lives and it includes a detailed description of our reaction to each of these events and occurrences. This life-book consists of innumerable chapters – each composed of many pages. Each chapter signifies different phases in our lives. The length of each chapter signifies the amount of time spent in that particular phase. For the story in the book to progress, it is imperative that each chapter ends, before a new one begins.

 

Personal relationships are like a hedge-row of flowers in a beautiful garden; each flower needs to be pruned, nurtured and nourished; each of them needs regular maintenance and daily care is necessary for them to bloom, blossom and flourish. If this garden is not tended to, on a regular basis, the flowers in the hedge-row will soon wilt, wither and die. Similarly, personal relationships that have served their purpose and have become redundant need to die a natural death, before a new relationship can begin.

 

When God closes a door, somewhere He opens a window. RING OUT THE OLD; RING IN THE NEW!

 

One must make a brand-new ending, before going on to make a brand-new beginning – such is the Law of Nature and it shall forever be so.

 

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